North Dandalup Walk (Walk #13a)
Home│Bushwalks│GPS Navigation│Photo Galleries│Useful Links & Resources
Why (not) Walk?│What's New│Site Map│Search WalkGPS│Perth Region map│Feedback
|On this page:||
1) Walk map - Shows route and waypoint locations
3) 3D map view
7) Waypoint listing and grid references
|Click on map for large version.||
View north across the main cascades
on North Dandalup River, Dec. 2007.
Click on photo for larger version.
Using this map.
|Additional Satellite Imagery|
for larger frame Google Maps image
of the walk area.
-Use zoom bar
for road details.
|For Google Earth users|
Step 1: Left Click here
For fly-in to waypoints and route
on image of the walk area.
Or Right Click to
"Save Target/Link As..." kml file.
Step 2: Left Click here
For fly-in to 3D view
of the walk area.
Or Right Click to
"Save Target/Link As..." kml file.
Hint: For enhanced 3D effect, set 'Elevation Exaggeration'
in Google Earth to "3" (via 'Tools' menu, 'Options' & 'View' tab).
73 kms SSE of Perth.
16 field kms (33% off-track)
or 8 km short-walk option.
|Degree of difficulty :||
MEDIUM - HARD (What does this mean?) See Caution below.
|Amount of uphill walking :||
550m (cumulative ascent)
See Google Map for start point on road map.
(Use zoom ladder for detail. Select 'Hybrid' to add satellite imagery.)
Kwinana Freeway south, then take Mundijong Road east to South Western Highway. Then 23 kms south on Highway, then 2.8 kms along Hines Road (on left, immediately after North Dandalup Primary School on the corner, and about 1 km before North Dandalup township). Then turn right (at waypoint 'ENTRY') into a minor, unsigned dirt road which heads uphill from Hines Road into forest. Park at the 'START' point, 100m up the road, on the roadside, just before the gate which blocks vehicle access to the State Forest. (There is limited car turning space, so you may prefer to reverse up the dirt road to make your exit onto Hines Road easier at the end of the walk.)
Alternative Access (& Start points):
The walk route (or simple variations) can be easily accessed from several other optional entry points e.g.
In NE: Car park at north end of main dam, via Scarp Rd (see waypt 'ALT-PK'); or,
Car park at old Pipehead Dam picnic area and lake, below the Main Dam wall (see waypt 'PICNIC').
In south: Whittakers Mill area, via Scarp Rd (e.g. see waypt 'OLDCMP'; Camping is NOT permitted.);
In SW: 4.5 kms from North Dandalup via Del Park Rd, then Whittaker Rd to ~1.1 km past Goldmine Hill picnic area and viewpoint (to corner with side road near waypt '28').
There are toilets along/near the walk route: at the Dandalup Campsite (on Munda Biddi Trail); at the north end of the main dam; and at the picnic area below the main dam wall.
|Escape route/s :||
In north, to exit North Dandalup Valley (in an emergency only), follow the dirt road westward along the water pipeline route on the steepish north side of the valley; on reaching the small fenced pumping station, cross the pipeline at waypt 'PL-ALT' (at the metal ladder), and then cross the nearby fence into the private farmland; head NW across the farmland to reach Hines Rd after 1 km (for the initial 750m initially follow the east bank of the North Dandalup River, but when the River veers sharply SW, continue NW to soon reach Hines Rd); then turn right (east) to follow Hines Rd back to the walk Start point. Alternatively, head due north (instead of NW) to cross the farmland, to reach the road sooner, but that 'short-cut' crosses a steepish ridge. (Note: Eastward exit along the valley to the Dam picnic area and Scarp Rd is not possible as the pipeline road is blocked by a gate below the Dam Operations building.)
Other: e.g. Via Munda Biddi Trail to Scarp Rd; Via Whittakers Rd in SW.
The North Dandalup River cuts into the Darling Scarp below the North Dandalup Dam and drops about 80m (250 ft) over a distance of less than one kilometre, creating a series of small cascades and waterfalls, including the main cascades which spill down a large granite ledge to the pool below. This 1 km section of the River provides the main highlight of the walk, with varied scrambling and wading up the river/creek, across often-slippery rocks, through and around rock pools, and over rock ledges, providing adventure of a different kind which is not for the timid or clumsy-footed! In places the surrounding shrubland closes in quite densely across the river course, requiring 'off-track' detours upslope into more open territory until the river course again opens up. On a warm day some of the larger pools offer an irresistable opportunity for a refreshing dip.
The rest of the walk is less challenging, being mainly 'on-track', along existing roads/old forestry tracks (~40%) and the Munda Biddi Bike Trail (~25%), including a visit (or two) to the Dandalup Campsite (built 2002). Many walkers will find the scramble up the short River section will use up quite a lot of energy and the 8 km short-walk option will be a wise choice.
The walk route lies within a narrow (average 1.5 kms wide) belt between Scarp Road (and the North Dandalup water catchment) to the east, and open farmland to the west, straddling the Darling Scarp. It passes through varied forest (in State Forest and small nature reserves), including mixed jarrah-banksia, with patches of wandoo, and low shrubland around outcrops. The route does not enter private farmland.
Aside from North Dandalup River, the route also crosses Cooleeup Creek (which drains northward into the main River) and 'Whittaker Creek' which drains westward across the Scarp to also join the North Dandalup River. (The North Dandalup River itself eventually feeds into the Murray River which flows into Peel Inlet.)
There are good views from various points along the route: westward across the Darling Scarp to the Coastal Plain, and also NE-ward to the North Dandalup Dam.
The delightful picnic area below the main North Dandalup dam wall is not directly on the main walk route but is also worth a visit (and is an alternative Start point for a modified walk route; see below). The recreation lake is formed from the original small Pipehead Dam which operated from 1971 until replaced by the current dam which opened in 1994. Overflow from the small spillway at the north end of the old Pipehead Dam flows directly into the North Dandalup River.
CAUTION & Special requirements: The full 16km WalkGPS route is challenging. It should not be underestimated and requires a good level of fitness and experience. It has even been said that the full route "could be a SAS training course" !! Allow plenty of time (at least 1.5 hours) to complete the river section; rushing is more likely to result in injury.
The boulders and rock ledges along the River are usually treacherously slippery. You need to take great care with every step to ensure you avoid sprained ankles or much worse. To maximise the enjoyment and safety of the ~ 1 km of river section, take it slowly and don't be afraid to get wet! On reaching the River, strip off to bathers, and carry a pack cover (or large plastic bag) so you can float your day-pack while you wade or swim across one or two of the larger, deeper pools if necessary. Preferably leave your boots on for greater support and protection from sprained ankles on the slippery river boulders, or alternatively change into light footwear with a good non-slip tread (e.g. sport sandals or light gym shoes).
The later parts of the walk are mainly easy, along existing tracks and roads, so there's no need at all to rush. If pressed for time or energy, you can take the 'short-walk option', or one of the various other short-cut options along the walk route (see Route notes).
For overnighters: The Dandalup Campsite (at waypoint 'CAMP') on the Munda Biddi Bike Trail provides under-roof shelter and bunks, and also tent areas. The site also has a toilet and water tanks. However walkers must respect that the Munda Biddi Trail and its campsites are there for the cyclists. A walker will be accepted on the Trail by most cyclists if the walker shows commonsense courtesy and recognises that cyclists may rightfully claim priority and must always be given full right of way on the Trail.
Controlled burns: See DEC's current 6-season indicative burn program.
|Additional maps :||
WalkGPS walk map for OziExplorer users: A downloadable OziExplorer format MAP file (*.map) for this walk area is included on the Maps, Waypoints & Track Files page. The zipped folder also includes the associated 'base' topo map image file, plus other attached waypoints, tracks/routes, etc in OxiExplorer file formats.
WalkGPS reconnaissance history: Click here for a map of past WalkGPS test walks in the walk area, plus the final route. The final route was selected only after several visits to the area which aimed to achieve a walk that would be the most rewarding.
Other: Dwellingup 1:50,000 Sheet 2132-4 (CALM/DOLA, 2003, Land Management Series, Edition 3).
Munda Biddi Trail Map 2, Jarrahdale to Nanga, Edition 4, 2005.
|Other background references :||
"North Dandalup Dam" by Water Corp. May 2007 (ISBN 1 74043 2797). - Basic information and site map. - See pdf version (450KB).
"North Dandalup Pipehead Dam Catchment Area Drinking Water Source Protection Plan" (Report # 54, Water Resource Protection Series) by Water Resources Division, Dept. of Environment, June 2005. - See pdf version (2.4MB).
Note: Access to this walk area is not affected by the protection strategy proposed in Report # 54.
Route notes :
From the ‘Start’ point, pass the barrier gate and follow the rough vehicle track SE-ward uphill initially through an area of forest that is being rehabilitated. The vehicle track steepens before reaching a fork in the track after about 400m, at waypoint '1'. Take the older, right hand track. Follow it S-ward for only a short distance (~120m) to where it veers left up the hillside (at 'LVTRK'). Leave the track to continue SSW along slope through jarrah forest. Veer westward at '2' and head very gently downslope (via '3'), then find an easy way through a small patch of parrot bush to reach (at 'VU') the top of a steepening westward slope and small outcrop, gaining a good view over farmland to the Coastal Plain. Then veer SW and again pick an easy way down the steepening hillside through patches of parrot bush and across or around small outcrops. Veer due south at '4' to walk along slope through mixed forest (including wandoo) and reach a small outcrop at 'ROCK', with a view south to farmland across the North Dandalup River valley. Head approx. SSW down the steep hillside to reach the North Dandalup water pipeline. Cross easily under the pipeline (at 'P-L') to reach the adjacent bitumen service road. Turn left to follow the pipeline road eastward for about 400m (via '5') across a gentle spur ridge. At about '6' (or up to 50m before) find a suitable opening in the vegetation on the southern, downslope side of the road and ensure the initial slope is gentle enough to allow a safe (but quite steep and partly scratchy) descent to 'TO-PL' close to the north bank of the North Dandalup River course.
(Alternative to '6': If the initial descent point near '6' appears uncomfortably steep, continue to alternative point '6A' about 250m further eastward along the road up a steep hill, then head due south from '6A' through bushland down a gentler slope through thickening understorey for 200m to '6B'. Then pick a way through fairly dense scratchy shrubland to descend a further 50m quite steeply to reach the River at about 'BK2RVR', and continue the route from there, bypassing the downstream waypoints.)
From ‘TO-PL’ continue south across the rocky river course for about 20m to cross a pool (‘POOL’) along the main river channel. (You can probably find a way across without getting your boots wet). Then head approx. SE initially upslope of the south bank, bypassing denser bushland near the river and soon paralleling (via '7' and ‘FENCE’) a farm fence separating the river nature reserve from farmland which lies steeply upslope to the south. Continue SE and find a way through the shrubland to reach the river again at ‘8’. (At this point you are best to change into your ‘wading gear’!) Boulder hop and wade upstream along the river course, or if the fringing vegetation gets unpleasantly dense retreat back up the south bank and rejoin the river at ‘BK2RVR’.
(Optional diversion between '8' and 'BK2RVR': If you are feeling energetic, make the short climb to the foot of the weathered granite bluff at 'BLF', about 100m SW of the River course. There is a good view from the bluff up the river valley, toward some of the small waterfalls and cascades on the route ahead. After the climb rejoin the route along the river at 'BK2RVR').
Soon after 'BK2RVR' (within 30m) the Cooleeup Creek joins the River (on the right at 'JCN')and the river course veers left (NW) and you arrive at the first small cascades (at ‘FALLS’), followed soon after by the second (at ‘FALLS2’). (Some of the pools are deeper and you may need to float your day pack to keep it dry e.g. at 'FLOAT'.) Continue upstream (via '10') to reach a larger pool at the foot of the main cascades at ‘HIFALS’. Wade around the south edge of the pool and then climb to the top of the granite ledge through the low shrubland fringing its southern edge. Return to the river course above the cascades and continue upstream (via '12' and '13'), across the more gentle upper cascades ('CASCDS') and onto a rock ledge ('LEDGE1') above another pool. (This is the end of the River section and the place to put the boots back on. The large pool below the ledge is also a good place for a swim and to cool off on a warm day.) Head SE initially across the slope, picking a way through shrubland on rocky ground, and then gently uphill to a narrow granite slab at '14'. Climb southward up the slab, then back into scratchy shrubland (mainly Calothamnus sp.). There will be views NNE up the valley to the Main Dam and water intake tower. Veer SW to reach a small rock slab at 'SMLSLB' with a view NW. Then head upslope via '17'; the shrubland soon gives way to open forest. Meet an old forestry road at 'OLRD' and turn right to follow it southward around the hillside via '18', soon climbing gently (to '19'), then descending to meet the Munda Biddi Trail at '20'.
(Alternatively, at 'OLRD', if you are already exhausted you can opt for a short-cut option: Turn left onto the old forestry road and head east to a granite outcrop at 'SH-CT1'. From there just continue due east off-track for 200m to meet the Munda Biddi Trail between waypts '45' & '46'.)
At '20' turn right to follow the Trail for less than 100m to reach Dandalup Campsite ('CAMP') in a picturesque setting among wandoo trees. Continue down the hill from the campsite on the Trail for less than 200m (to '21') then head westward off-track, gently downhill through mainly open forest. (Alternatively, if you would prefer the 8 km 'Short-walk option' - see below, instead of proceeding to waypt '21'.)
Cross Cooleeup Creek at '22', and another sidestream soon after, then climb steadily, passing into a patch of wandoo trees. At '23' (where you may get a view NE to the Main Dam) veer SW and continue uphill to 'BLDRS', soon passing a number of large granite boulders. Then veer westward again to cross the forested hilltop and reach an outcrop at about '25', fringed by low shrubland. Veer southward, passing near a few remnants of a building (at 'RUIN') which once straddled a granite ledge. Head southward on an old vehicle track which soon meets another track (at '26'). Turn right onto this other track and follow it westward past farmland on the right, with views northward to the Coastal Plain. (Alternatively, at '26', if you are running short on time or energy you can opt for a further short-cut option: Turn left onto the vehicle track and follow it SE via 'SH-CT2' to the Munda Biddi Trail near waypt '39'.)
At '27', the old vehicle track connects to a more used service road at a bend near farm gates. Turn left to follow the service road SSW to Whittaker Road (at '28'). Turn left to follow Whittaker Road (dirt road) for only about 50m to '29', then veer southward 'off-track' to follow an old overgrown track (beneath a power line/phone line). (Alternatively, at '29', you take an unexciting short-cut option by continuing SE on Whittaker Road to waypt '38' on the Munda Biddi Trail.)
At '30' the old track meets a currently used track, near farm buildings. Turn left to follow the track SE. It soon becomes disused, but can be easily followed. Near '31' the track veers southward and weakens. Continue off-track ESE along the gentle hillside for about 250m to reach a small outcrop (at 'NTHRK'). Turn right and head downslope for 100m to reach another outcrop at 'LEDGE2', which forms a 70m long rock ledge near the north bank of 'Whittaker Creek'. Head westward (via '32') for about 50m, then SW to cross Whittaker Creek (at 'CSG'). Then head generally upslope and SE-ward across a number of small outcrops (via '33', '34', '34A') and turn left at '35' onto an old forestry track. Follow the track eastward for about 700m to reach Scarp Road at '36'. Turn left to follow Scarp Road 300m northward through the Whittaker Creek farm property. (The now disused Whittaker Mill campsite is located about 500m east.) At 'TRK', at the northern edge of the farmland, veer off Scarp Road to follow an old vehicle track (and former section of the Munda Biddi Trail) NW to meet Whittaker Road (dirt road)at '37'. Turn right and follow the Road for less than 50m to the Munda Biddi Trail entry at '38' on the left. Follow the Munda Biddi Trail (via '39' -'43') to again visit or pass the Dandalup Campsite at 'CAMP'. From the campsite the deeply rutted Trail climbs steeply to '44', then crosses a gentle hill top NE-ward through jarrah-banksia forest, and descends gently (via '45' & '46') to meet Scarp Road, about 1.5 kms walk from Dandalup Campsite. Follow Scarp Road NW. After 250m the road crosses a bridge across the Main Dam spillway cutting. Stop to inspect the cutting from the south side of the road (be impressed by the scale of the excavation of solid granite), and then cross the Main Dam wall to '47', with a good view from the west side down to the old Pipehead Dam picnic area below, and down the North Dandalup River valley. (Take an optional very short detour into the nearby carpark to inspect a plaque which includes a map identifying the various dam site facilities.) Continue along Scarp Road over the gentle ridge that separates the Main Dam from the smaller Saddle Dams to the north. At 'SD-TRK' cross the vehicle crash barrier strip on the west side of the road and follow vehicle track/s for about 50m to '48'. Then veer due west off-track, gently downhill to '49', and continue WSW, very gently downhill. At '50', near a small gully, veer NW and meet an old forestry track at 'RDMT'. Follow the old track NW to meet (at '51') a W-E boundary fence with farmland to the north . Head westward through the jarrah forest, close to the fenceline, initially following the old vehicle track which soon disappears. At about '52' veer SW to return to the Start point.
Short-walk option (8 kms): For a shorter walk, upon leaving the Dandalup Campsite (at 'CAMP') simply turn left back onto the Munda Biddi Trail to follow the route via waypt. '44' back to the Start point, bypassing the entire southern loop of the total walk route.
Alternative picnic area Start point & modified route: If preferred, park at 'PICNIC' at the old Pipehead Dam picnic area below the main dam. From the picnic area near the lake follow the path (via 'P1' & 'P2') around the east (main dam) end of the lake to the north side. Head westward from 'P2' to 'P3' along a rough track above the north side of the lake. (A potential short-cut across the lake via the old Pipehead Dam wall and spillway at 'SPILL' is blocked by a secured gate at the end of the public walk way across the wall.) At 'P3' turn right (NE) onto a track and follow it for 700m (via 'P4') uphill - ignoring the newer track that forks off to the rigfht at 'P-FORK'- and across the crest of a ridge to meet waypt '1'. Continue the route as above from that point. On returning across the Main Dam wall near the end of the walk, instead of proceeding beyond waypt '47', simply follow the nearby side road back down to the Start point at the picnic area. This route does not reduce the total walk distance significantly.
Right click here and then "Save Target/Link As..." if you wish to download the waypoints and GPS 'track' as a GPX file in the standard format recognised by most devices and programs including Garmin and Magellan units and GPS Mapping Software. If you have a problem uploading the data, please feel free to contact me directly at WalkGPS rather than your users' forum!
The waypoints in the alternative listing below are given as UTM coordinates with datum to match the Walk Map. NOTE: If you wish to manually enter these into your GPS unit you must first set your unit to the correct Datum. Caution: An incorrect datum can result in an approximate 200m location error! (This is a very slow, error-prone method compared to using the above downloadable file and is not recommended.)
Route list :
Projection : UTM Datum : Australian Geocentric 1994 Zone : 50
Waypt name Easting Northing Comments
START 406449 6402289 Park car nr barrier gate to State Forest.
1 406686 6401930 At track fork.
LVTRK 406665 6401807 On old forestry track.
2 406573 6401671 Off-track, in forest, on gentle NW slope.
3 406443 6401637 Off-track, in forest, on gentle W-ward slope.
VU 406270 6401660 Good view NW across farmland.
4 406127 6401542 In forest, on W-ward slope.
ROCK 406128 6401471 Small granite outcrop & wandoo trees.
P-L 406072 6401366 Water pipeline (pass under).
5 406182 6401280 On pipeline vehicle track.
6 406401 6401196 On pipeline track.
TO-PL 406365 6401156 North bank of N. Dandalup River course.
POOL 406362 6401134 Pool along North Dandalup River.
7 406393 6401107 Nr farm fence above S. bank of river.
FNCE 406469 6401044 Nr farm fence above S. bank of river.
8 406607 6400955 At North Dandalup River course.
BK2RVR 406631 6400893 Along North Dandalup River course.
JCN 406654 6400875 Cooleeup Creek meets North Dandalup River.
FALLS 406670 6400879 Small falls along Nth Dandalup R. crs.
FALLS2 406681 6400893 Small falls along Nth Dandalup R. crs.
FLOAT 406689 6400911 Deeper pool, poss. wade & float pack.
10 406695 6400943 Along North Dandalup River crs.
HIFALS 406793 6401019 Near foot of highest falls.
11 406823 6401016 Nth Dandalup River crs above falls.
12 406864 6401012 In low shrubland above S bank.
13 406877 6401042 Close to river course.
CASCDS 406967 6401030 At cascades along N. Dandalup River.
LEDGE1 407062 6401023 On large rock slab, S-side of river.
14 407133 6400957 On rocky spur ridge rising to south.
15 407124 6400898 On rocky spur ridge rising to south.
SMLSLB 407092 6400859 On small granite slab. View NW.
17 407112 6400767 In forest, slope rising gently S-ward.
OLRD 407087 6400703 On old forestry vehicle track.
18 406944 6400529 On old forestry vehicle track.
19 407011 6400229 On old forestry vehicle track.
20 406986 6400182 Old forestry trk meets Munda Biddi Trail.
CAMP 406914 6400244 Dandalup Campsite (on Munda Biddi Trail).
21 406881 6400101 On Munda Biddi Trail.
22 406621 6400019 Cross Cooleeup Creek course, off-track.
23 406393 6400060 Off-track, in mixed forest, on E-ward slope.
BLDRS 406329 6399984 Scattered large granite boulders/tors.
25 406090 6400025 On edge of granite outcrop.
RUIN 406088 6400006 Remnants of old building foundations.
26 406014 6399863 On old forestry vehicle track.
27 405670 6399832 Old forestry track meets farm access rd.
28 405385 6399323 Whittaker Road. (dirt road).
29 405431 6399302 Whittaker Road (dirt road).
30 405376 6399180 On access rd/forestry track adj. to farm.
31 405830 6398787 In forest, on gentle SSW slope.
NTHRK 406056 6398702 Small outcrop.
LEDGE2 406068 6398590 On W edge of W-E rock ledge, 30m from strm.
32 406020 6398584 20m from north bank of 'Whittakers Creek'.
CSG 405998 6398567 Cross 'Whittakers Creek'.
33 406007 6398546 20m S. of 'Whittakers Ck', nr.patchy outcrop.
34 406112 6398483 On patchy outcrop sth of 'Whittakers Ck.'
34A 406209 6398483 Nr N end of outcrop rising to south.
35 406196 6398305 Old forestry vehicle track.
36 406895 6398296 On Scarp Road.
TRK 407008 6398559 Old Munda Biddi Trail leaves ScarpRd.
37 406877 6398775 On 'old Munda Biddi Trail & Whittaker Rd.
38 406915 6398779 On Munda Biddi Trail & Whittaker Rd.
39 406823 6398998 On Munda Biddi Trail.
40 406902 6399309 On Munda Biddi Trail.
41 407378 6399497 On Munda Biddi Trail nr ScarpRd.
42 406897 6399744 On Munda Biddi Trail.
43 406932 6400211 Dandalup Campsite entry, MundaBiddi Trail.
44 407112 6400119 On Munda Biddi Trail.
45 407634 6400438 On Munda Biddi Trail.
46 407882 6400884 On Munda Biddi Trail.
SCRPRD 407898 6401105 Scarp Road.
47 407387 6401938 Side road to pipehead dam picnic area.
SD-TRK 407321 6402166 Side track entry across road-side barrier.
48 407288 6402217 Edge of forest.
49 407212 6402216 In forest, traces of old overgrown track.
50 407040 6402152 Near minor gully.
RDMT 407019 6402174 On old forestry track, part overgrown.
51 406896 6402381 Forestry track meets farmland fence.
52 406539 6402374 In forest, near farmland fence.
END 406449 6402289 Park car nr barrier gate to State Forest.
Additional Waypoints on map :
ENTRY 406404 6402378 Minor dirt rd entry off Hines Rd.
ALT-PK 407392 6401966 Parking area at Dam, nr plaque with map of dam.
PICNIC 407448 6401548 old Pipehead Dam picnic area.
P1 407474 6401612 Track at east end of picnic area lake.
P2 407440 6401646 Track at east end of picnic area lake.
P3 407280 6401590 On old forestry track W of lake.
P-FORK 407200 6401650 On old forestry track forks.
P4 406914 6401783 old forestry track crossing ridge crest.
SPILL 407360 6401563 Old pipehead dam wall spillway.
PL-ALT 405883 6401520 Easy crossing of pipeline.
BLF 406549 6400845 At foot of granite bluff above south side of River.
SH-CT1 407541 6400718 On 'shortcut' dirt track from 'OLRD' .
SH-CT2 406364 6399556 On 'shortcut' dirt track betwn '26' & '38'.
6A 406681 6401111 Alternative choice to waypt. '6'.
LKOUT 407466 6402532 Carpark & Lookout. Good view W.
OLDCMP 407420 6398379 Former Whittakers Mill site.(Camping NOT permitted).
↑ Top of page
Email to (Dave Osborne):
This page was last updated : 15 June, 2013
Site authored by David Osborne. Photographs and text are copyright © 2003-2013 David Osborne.
This page has been accessed
times since 1 January 2008.